DECISION-MAKING IN SPORTS- INSIGHTS INTO JUDGMENT AND CHOICES Introduction The anecdote about Mark Zuckerberg's clothing choices highlights theimportance of efficient decision-making. Decision fatigue can be exhausting, but not all decisions are equal; they vary inresource requirements. Resource-Efficient Decision-Making Distinction between two types of decisions: quick, effortless ones and thoserequiring a conscious process of weighing options. Type 1 processing: Quick, context-triggered decisions not relying on workingmemory capacity. Type 2 processing: Deliberative decisions based on working memory, necessaryfor complex situations. Type 1 decisions are useful in quick-response situations when experts havelearned from experience. Type 2 decisions require resources like time and working memory but providebetter results when information is weighed. Understanding the Processing Modes Both processing modes have strengths and weaknesses. Type 1 is swift but context-dependent, while Type 2 takes more time but canconsider complex information. The choice between processing modes depends on the situation and availableresources. Decisions can be vulnerable to biases or errors when processing modes aremisapplied. Conclusion Decision-making in sports varies, and different processing modes are useddepending on the context. People may employ intuition, routines, or deliberation, with expertise andavailable resources influencing the choice.
Judgment and decision research offers theoretical insights but can bechallenging to apply practically. Phenomena-oriented research in sports psychology also contributes valuableknowledge about judgments and decisions. Athletes and Coaches Athletes and coaches make various judgments and decisions in sports. Coaches decide on team composition, tactics, and game strategies. Athletes assess match situations, make tactical decisions, and choose betweenpassing, shooting, and fouling. Decision-making in sports is often studied from different theoretical perspectives,such as perception, attention, creativity, and game intelligence.