JUDGMENT AND DECISION-MAKING IN SPORTS Introduction Sports psychology encompasses various aspects like imagery, goal-setting,motivation, and team cohesion. Often overlooked is the role of judgment and decision-making in sports. Sporting activities are influenced by judgments and decisions across variouscontexts, such as coaching, refereeing, and player actions. Theories of judgment and decision-making offer insights into these processesand their biases. 5.2 Understanding Judgments Definition of Judging Judging involves assigning values to judgment objects on a judgment dimension. Differentiate between explicit judgments and the psychological process ofassigning values. Judgment objects and dimensions can vary widely, including people, objects,performances, statements, weather, ideas, or future developments. Judgment dimensions can be evaluative or nonevaluative, influencing thecontext-dependent nature of judgments. Probability judgments and predictive judgments are subsets of judgment types. 184.108.40.206 Brunswik's Lens Model Brunswik's lens model provides insights into human judgment. Structuring a judgment or decision-making environment. The lens model assumes that judgments are made based on cues (proximalvariables) that indirectly represent a criterion (distal variable). Correlations between cues and criteria are probabilistic, not deterministic. Concepts of ecological validities (cue-criterion correlations) and cue usagecoefficients influence judgment quality. Achievement in judgment refers to the accuracy with which a judgment maps thecriterion.
Cue validity and cue usage contribute to the accuracy of judgments. Application in Sports The lens model can be applied to understand judgment situations in sports, suchas coaching decisions and referee judgments. Consideration of both environmental structures and cognitive processes isessential in analyzing judgment situations.