Q.7> Define prining f write the objectives principles of enlist the method of pounning? Prunning:- Deff: It refers to removal of plant part like bud, shoot, root etc. Adjust fruit load on the tree. objectives:- 1) To maintain the growth. & vigour of the trees. 2) TO shape the tree to make a best use of trees 3) TO regulates the six quality of the Fruit 4) To regulate the succession of crop. 5) To spread the trees For economic orchard management 6) To remove the dood diseased I over age wood. 7) for effective spraying of pesticides of the crop. a) TO minimize biannual beating Principle of pouning 1) Excessive prunning should be avoided as it affed the growth of the plant d. by dwarfeding, 2) In pounning, only wood which is not necessary for the tron should bo removed 3) Prunning of larger limbs should be avoided as far as possible. 4) Prunning for young trees should be done more carefully than yielding trees 5) Much more yrdding area will be removed than what is desired. Types I methods of prunning - 1) Frame prinning 2, Maintenanceprooming 3) Renewal prunning
of Training:- Defn : Physical techniques that control the shape, size f direction of plant growth an known as training Objectives of training 1) TO improve appearance 2) TO usefulness of plant/tree through providing different shape 3) securing balanced distribution 4) To case cultural practices including inter-cultication, plant protection of 5) harvesting TO improve performance. Metoods of Training 1) Nature of plant Methods of training of plant determined by 2) climate 3) 4) purpose of growing planting method 5) Mechanization Types Training in berbacious annuals I biennials Training of woody percennial.