Design thinking First definition of design thinking: It starts with users, or potential customers, and acknowledges that it will take several iterations to find the solution that will address the issue. Design thinking is a systematic approach to identify opportunities and build innovative solutions. Second Definition of Design Thinking: Design thinking is a creative process that results in the development of original and practical concepts. It is based on deep understanding of the user before searching for a solution to address them. The objective of design thinking is to ensure the desirability of the solution before address business viability and technical feasibility 3rd Definition of Design Thinking: ● Design thinking is a problem solving approach as well as a problem forming one. It starts with problem forming. An issue enters the concept creation phase after it has been specified. Then, some of these concepts will be prototyped and put to the test with real people. The recognized opportunity will fuel the company's innovation pipeline and be developed in further detail in accordance with the conventional new product development process once it has been verified by prototyping and business studies, such as competitive analysis, for example. Design thinking is a process that is iterative. A mentality known as "design thinking" is built on three principles: 1. Compassion 2. Innovation 3. Repetition Those 3 principles are also the drivers of Designers. A good design is associated with a product or a service that is easy to use and interact with. Designers are critical in design thinking since they ensure desirability by capturing and expressing end-user’s emotions. Designers are drawn to subjectivity, the human condition, and feeling. Their strategy is intuitive and exploratory. They prioritize novelty. The thought processes in business and engineering are analytical. Both of these presuppose reason and objectivity. It is based on what is already known. While both intuitive and analytical thinking are used in design thinking, intuitive thinking is given precedence over analytical. Analytical thinking is either based on:
● Deduction: It is a logical reasoning that infers a conclusion following a general rule. The conclusion is valid if the premise of the rule is observed to be true. This form of reasoning is useful to make sense of new information based on existing knowledge. Inductive reasoning is the process of drawing a conclusion or a rule from evidence. Given the presumptions, the rule is reasonable and adheres to some theory of evidence. Any new evidence that is consistent with long-held views strengthens those beliefs, whereas contradictory data is simply regarded as aberrant. It inhibits people from using alternative interpretations of the evidence. Intuitive thinking is based on abduction. Proposed in the beginning of 20th century by Charles Sander Pierce. ● It is a reasoning that infers an explanatory hypothesis for a body of observations. If the hypothesis is validated, it can become a rule that feeds deduction thinking for a large group of users. Despite beginning with the identical examples, it is feasible for different people to get distinct solutions. There are two kinds of kidnapping: Explanatory: When we notice an odd occurrence, we utilize explanatory abduction to infer a theory to account for the finding. Creative: When we don't know how to accomplish a goal, we utilize creative abduction to infer two hypotheses: one that links the strategic choice to the goal and one that links the alternative to how it will be carried out.