LSAT Logical Reasoning Prep Introduction to the Logical Reasoning Section Introduction to Logical Reasoning/Directions: Choose the best response. o You want to choose the most accurate response. o Reponses that completely answers the question. o Do not make assumptions. Example: assume the sky is sometimes cloudy but not always cloudy. Not on extreme ideas or general domain of knowledge Most questions will say, more than one answer could be correct. You want the best. o Always read all answer choices o A Trick LSAT will do is to place a highly attractive wrong answer choice immediately before the correct answer. Parts of a Logical Question: Contains 3 separate parts. o Stimulus o The question stems. o 5 answer choices Read the parts in the order given. Think fluidly and holistically. o Goal is to analyze arguments in a more fluidly a holistic way. Focus on the entire message and home in on a specific argument element, unusual phrase, a flaw or even what is missing. o Ability to see the argument as a whole and attack the most notable segments. Topics and Vocabulary: Usually, broad topics o Art to economics o Medicine and science Reflect a broad range of academic disciplines and intended to give no advantage to candidates from different backgrounds. You do not need to know advanced technical or scientific ideas. Any topic beyond the domain of general knowledge will be explained to you. Try to understand the ideas not terminology. o Analyze the structural relationships present in the stimulus. Vocabulary: o Most of the language is familiar terms. o Three categories
Advanced words High level vocabulary that you rarely encounter in daily life. o Example: tenebrous, recondite o Don’t hear in normal conversations. o Not normally on the LSAT. Most are more common. o Example: eschew, flouted. Contain sophisticated argument or complex rhetorical structure. o Assess the ability to analyze, critically evaluate and complete arguments. Scientific/Technical/Legal Jargon: Specialized terminology will be beyond the general vocabulary. Not expected to know Definition or usage information will be supplied in the passage. Logical Terminology: You will not be expected to know the meaning of specialized terms. Words or phrases that cause problems are more common “real world” definitions. o Example: either or, some.