Microbial Nutrition and Nutrients synthesise the cellular conservents, when eventually - Substances which are used for energy production leads to gradh of the microbial cell (dry organism weight) Elements - C,O2,H2' N2 95% of ,Fe Sulfer, Phosphorus, Potassium, Protein, Ca,Mg lipid and nuleri acids O2,H2, N2,S,P- carbohydrace, as cations miligram Macro(gm) micro P K, La, Mg, Fe -It will exist Ca2+ K + - essential Present in for endospore the -cot'dipicolenic enzymes and a Heat resistance up! accinity of O.M are provin Mg2+ cofactor Aolayers LPS FL membranie.us well as cell wall Mamiams the inugrity of cell diglyconcage performed 1111 Their pepti space ands al uponechoic by incorporating b/w ands lichoic pepting P.space This cell membrane with ATP molecule and Tahor ands cell membrane and complex stabilize ribosome (Phosphace rebito 1) wupo" Both Gram -ve w.ve will cell membrane. Fe2+ U Fe31 cytochromes X ma dant - 10 ame binds to take the 10 stain election carrying the terchaic and prowis Lepids are soluble in devolor elements -microgram (Mg) aram-ve ser everything will 1/3/23 Requirement Trace will be very Ni less be washed away solt will retain 2° stain Mr, Co, Zn, cu, Molybdenum.,I aid in the catalysis reaction Maintain the protein structure Part of the enzymeal whatever cofactor is present on the walls of glassware water used for * media preparatn present in the active Site of enzyme zine, zn2+ associated wtn regulatory and catalytic subunits Eq:- Aspartate carbomyl transferase - E. coli
kidi THE group 7/n ie, Phosphate grou chalamans) HAPPY No fixal (Mofe proteins) white America (angellales) - cell wall is made up of Silicican organism requires Silica Saline environment - Na Chymosis will survive by obtaining nutrients from its summi dongs if they are not produced my themselves C,H,O2 - -All these 3 will be satisfied in C6M12O (glues) ) 11 are not " at Cigarisms fix use 'CO2' as the sole source of carbon and reduce " CO2 Heleroluphs autotrophs - energy expensive process these organisms rely on preformed organic compands Glassificatn based on Carbon, energy and H/electons Prototrophic organisms Organisms whish require nutritional requirement within h speces which do not change are called photochophic' -naturally occuring organisms Blw the species - nutritional requirement will change prolotrophic - If It gets mutated It will lack the synthesis of essential nutrients -AUXOTROPHIC ORGANISMS Nutritional type 180 un carbon Antoliphs Energy Phototrophs -Uses sunlight as energy " source Heterologist [ oxidise organic chemotrophs /inorganic will energy unimials" "
Hydrogen/electrons extract electrons from - Lithotrophs inorganic substances organic substances - Organotrophs " fro m Major nutritional type of microorganisms Nutritivacatype Energy /elucron carbon Representation photo without trophic Light, inorganic e's, autotrophy purple ul green bacteria sulfur cyanobacteria CO2 photo chemo organotrophe Light, organic es, purple up green non -sul- heterotrophy preformed organic fun bautina comparnds chemolitholtephic chemical inorganic Sulfur audising bartena CS iron bacteria autotrophy CO2 Nicrifying Hyarogen" " chemosrganotrophic chemical, or ganic patnogenic organisms helenotrophy preformed molume organi protonoans Most organism are Fungi chemoorgametropic 6.03.23 Mixotro phic organisms. Autotrophy f heterotrophy Nitugen, phosphorus, sulfur Number and synthesis punines copyrimidines aminoarids cofactor - -as ruly incorporated ate by means q enzymes guramine ammoands synthase m glutamate Syn met are
Hapanards - prok cryour cholester - cull nous Mamtans integrity Regidness protein 1 car bonydrates permease - probine when change in configuran letsin molecules to passive Nutrients are present outside the cell Active passive Diffusion - Duffunon through the membrane energy reachingle part urtnout the use of any love conc. High conc. low conc. faulitated mgn conc- difference To rate - carrier proteins are use d se the ag :- CO2, O2 permicases glycerol of Gamspon Active transport Energy utilised in true form of ATP,Hilor (pntol mo agains the conc. gradient carrier Solute molecule + carrier conformational change solute binding occurs Site 1 air bethere casette