Three Identical strangers(movie) psychology Chapter 9- Development Human Growth and Development -milestones, lifesian, brain development Growth(physical, cognitive, psychological - personality, social, relationships) , nature/nurture, life experiences Hawma schooleducation, change, stability, language development Lifespan psychology Throw ghout the whole lifespan Nature nurture -environment hereditary y influence behavior Epigenetics way the environment influences genetic expression wether a gene is torned off on EPIGENETIC TAGS. of a change, just wether a gene is expressed or not. Grow/Change mentality, wt, HT, skeletal system, gender, puberty, family dynamics , career maturity, stressors, Spirutuality, religion, menopause Stable eye color, hair color, sex/gender preferences, personality traits Identical twins twins who are genetically identical why do psych researchers use identical twins when studying differences Similarities -B/C they have the exact SAME GENETIC MAKEUPS! cross sectional compares ppl of different age at the same point in time takes less time EX: freshman,sophmores Nunlors seniors evaluated. longitudinal investigates behanor as participants age requires more time. follows Same partialants, might be more accurate. a freshman evaluated all 4 years prenatal development XX -female Xy-male typical genetic XXY - boy Klinfelter's syndrome XO - girl Turners syndrome Human Genome Project mapping seQuence of the brain zygote 23pairs of chromosomes 46 total autosomes -allthe other chromosomes -pairs 1-22 sex chromosomes - pair 23 systersingle cell formed by Union of an egg -spen first 2 weeks - called geminal period
order of prehatal demelopment D G shortest period E mbryonic period (1-8imc)-organsare clearly recognizable. organogenesis / organs develop) systems Fetal (longest period) entical period of development Ex:if hand doesnt de cresori wont develop anymore. finishing touches are faval abnormal Hy, extrafinger added on, embryo most soceptable to drugs/poliums nails, eyelashes etc Fetus Ageof viability -point at which a tetus can surrive If borm prematurely preterm Infants-bombetonet 18. at higher risk for illness death physical mental issues pku that able to digest enimelprotein - 3 -6nks of life. an be rx/cured T specific diet) nutrients. mostly Sicklecell - Senough bloodvells ethnic Tay sachs Downsyndrome most common cause of ID - Influences the 21st chromosome (tnisomy21) teratogens-environmental agents such as drug chemical I VINUS or other factors that can produce abirthdefect. D test on green chart (ennmental factor possible effect on Prenatal development) IVF - mont test Alternate paths of conception. Neonate- - vernly - white greasy corengram protection anugo soft fuzz over body. Newborn Reflexes unleamed involuntary lesponges that occur automatically inthe presience of certain Stinuli. reflexes Rooting touch Side of check-they may onent to that side its for feeting. to latch to something babinski - -Stroke bottom of feet tres will tan out (in adults trees will can in) ) more Ih response h loud starting nase, baby willassume Star fish like position sal d to be for attachement to coregrap.
test v luntary-morement milestones First sense to develop-touch last sense to develop-insion attachement- -emotional bondthat desclops between a child and an indindual. H any Harlow's study in alla chrent wire vseloth monkey showed significance on Physical touch/attachment oxytocin "social bonding /lore homone" neuropeptide-released dunng attachment many Alhomonths strange situation-to assess attachment styles How did they react when mother came back securely aroindant-aroid children ambirelent- disorganiced/disonented Parenting Styles authortakan, authoritative, Permissire, negleetful/uninvolve L more rigid rules restrictions parents are stact. authoritative warm balance SUPPAR permissive passire low restrictions, little structive Neglectful / minrolled warmth/love, little structure/mles Temperament easy (feed on regular schedule adjust nell sleep, mostly positive emotions 1 attect.) dithwith ( less flexible or able toadjust hemenn ronments/shed les more neg moods, le ct easy to comfort, cng more often. Resillence ability to overcome ( Ircumstances that place children. at high risk for psychological or phy sical harm.
choice QUIZ-50 multiple Enksons theory of psychosocial developments ALL 8 stages-wille test. too K alifespan approach development over The course of the entire life (birth death) q di dfferent psychosocial stages of development the trust vs mistrust bubyis len minegan i trust the word Birth- I 5yrs. may hare trouble forming re lationships,anxicty, trustissnes. Plagets theory of cognitire development senson motor - birth-2yrs object permanence DISCOVER ) baby learning about the wond through HS senses. learning to move,walk, crawl. 7 object permanence fability to understand that something! 1sg out of sight, H doesn't mean that it doesn't exist. Rouge Test metacogration-shmking about your ownthoughts Understanding of ones own cognitive processes. puberty bioligical maturation primary vs secondary sex characteristics directly r/t pilt reproduction reproduction kohlberg's theory -maybe will be tested emerging adulthood 18 23yrs old
peak endurance physical strenght occurs at 25 -30's. menopause-45-55ish - longer menstriating 0 fertile. Genetic preprogramming theones of aging-suggest humancells have built-In limit to # of times they comreproduce and can 0 longer dinde after certaintime wear-and tear theons of agree Fluid Intelligence- Fluid decreases Tage crystal intelligence- improve/remainthesame (nursing-willberone crysallized intelligence) memory changes -bementia- NOT a disease!! bits a cluster of symptoms; memory loss its caused by diseases!!! Alzhamers most common cause of dementia. Disengagement theong-ofaging suggest aging produces a gradual mtndmanal fronthemond Activity theory of aging -Suggests that successful aging IS characterized by maintaining The interests of activities of earlier stages of 1 life. djustino to death) Denal am not going to die" Anger Why do \ have to die Bargaining making promises to God Depression Sad about dying A ceptance Im a wepting im dymg