Crime as a Social Problem - Problems with official statistics - Defining crime and delinquency - Misdemeanors are relatively minor crimes that are punishable by a fine or less than a Year in jail - Felonies are more serious crimes, such as murder, rape, or aggravated assault, that are Punishable by more than a year ’ s imprisonment or even death - Juvenile delinquency - Involves a violation of law or the commission of a status offense by a young person Under a specific age Violent Crime - Violent crime consists of actions involving force or the threat of force against others and Includes murder, rape, gang violence, and aggravated assault and robbery. - The UCR defines murder and nonnegligent manslaughter as the willful killing of one Human being by another - Mass murder is the killing of four or more people at one time and in one place by The same person - Serial murder is the killing of three or more people over more than a month by the Same person - Rape is penetration, no matter how slight, of the vagina or anus with any body part or Object, or oral penetration by a sex organ of another person, without the consent of the Victim
- Statutory rape refers to sexual intercourse with a person who is under the legal age of Consent as established by state law. - Acquaintance rape – forcible sexual activity that meets the legal definition of rape and Involves people who first meet in a social - Gang-related violence cuts across race, ethnicity, gender, and class with the number of Violent street gangs, motorcycle gangs, and prison gangs in the United States today - Aggravated assault is an unlawful attack by one person upon another for the purpose of Inflicting severe or aggravated bodily injury. Property Crime - Property crime is the taking of money or property from another without force, the threat of Force, or the destruction of property - Larceny-theft as unlawful taking or attempting to take property from another person - Shoplifting accounts for billions of dollars in losses to retail business each year - Kleptomaniac – someone who steals for reasons other than monetary gain - Burglary is the unlawful entry of a structure to commit a felony or theft - Motor vehicle theft is the theft or attempted theft of a motor vehicle - The last type of nonviolent property crime that we will examine is identity theft Workplace and Occupational Crime - Occupational crime refers to illegal activities committed by people during them Employment or normal business activity - Occupational fraud – the use of one ’ s occupation for personal enrichment through the Deliberate misuse or misappropriation of resources or assets that belong to the individuals.
Employer - Asset misappropriation - Corruption scheme - Financial statement fraud - Corporate crime refers to illegal acts committed by corporate employers on behalf of the Corporation and with its support Organized Crime - Organized crime is a business operation that supplies illegal goods and services for profit - Drug trafficking, prostitution, gambling - Loan sharking, money laundering, and large scale - Theft such as truck hijacking