19th Century Short Stories – Hopfrog Hop-frog: ‘He seemed to live only for joking’ –> provides a positive connotation onthe King. Makes the reader have a very happy and positive impressionof him; however the reader soon realizes he is not. Writer does this toperhaps emphasize the fact that ﬁrst impressions can be deceiving, anddoes not represent the person as a whole. Never judge by impressions. ‘ His value was trebled’ –> King values Hop-frog DESPITE him labelingfrog a ‘fool’. There is therefore the impression that this ‘nickname’ is justa joke; similar to how close friends relationship. Ironic because this isnot the case, and the reader soon realizes the king’s only ‘true’ value forHop-frog is his ability to make him laugh; selﬁsh, unsympathetic. ‘It was from some barbarous region’ –> the fact that hop-frog hasoriginally come from a barbarous region, which implies a cruel andbrutal environment, makes the reader sympathize for his revenge planat the end; the fact that he has already had a possibly abused past.King’s actions doesn’t help, reminds of past. Understandable actions.Implanting idea that Hop-frog’s plan is justiﬁed. ‘Close intimacy’ –> Trippetta and Hop-frogs close relationship. Readerunderstands why Hop-Frog was willing to take revenge for her. ‘Humbly’ àHop-Frog humbly takes the wine that is forced upon him.Intensiﬁes the idea of the king being manipulative, the fact thatHop-Frog still has to ‘humbly’ take it implies the power the king seemsto have, and also suggesting the insigniﬁcance of Hop-Frog. However
ironic as even though he proves to be insigniﬁcant, he is able tooverthrow the king. True hero. ‘King’s joke’ –> Incredibly ironic. It is this ‘joke’ that essentially costs alltheir lives. So in a sense, it is not a joke, but rather the start of a brutalplan. Triggers Hop-Frog’s anger. ‘Chorused by the seven’ –> the ministers although by the king, are justas insigniﬁcant. Have to follow the king. Probably just as insigniﬁcant asHop-Frog, however because by the king, seems to gain ‘power’,intensiﬁes idea of the King’s manipulation/inﬂuence as well. Althoughthey seem to be passive, actions are still inexcusable. ‘Grating’ –> Symbolic function. Motif. Grating symbolizes the rage inHop-Frog. Appears at the end of the story too, where we realize hisrevenge plan. Symbolic of his anger. The fact that the king does notknow where it is coming from, just shows how oblivious to hissurroundings he is, makes him look stupid in a sense. The smart one isHop-Frog. ‘It must be’ –> Ironic. King conﬁrms and seems to be excited aboutHop-Frogs plan, when really, it is his revenge plan. Creates the ideathat he leads himself to his own death. As he his is the one to conﬁrmthe idea. The emphasis on ‘must’ intensiﬁes this idea. ‘convulsed with laughter’ –> The people at the party including the‘apes’ still do not realize the true intentions of Hop-Frog. Makes themlook stupid, while making Hop-Frog seem more intelligent. The factthat Hop-Frog was described to be such an insigniﬁcant beingemphasizes the stupidity of the masqueraders. ‘Leisurely’ –> the fact that he climbs away in such a relaxed manner,implies that he seems to be entertained/enjoyed. Also emphasizes it didnot take much effort to kill off the king and ministers; emphasizing their
stupidity once again. Normally, Hop-frog would be perceived as a crueland ruthless character, but because of Hop-Frogs abused past, and thefact that the King’s actions were completely inexcusable, the readerfeels that his revenge plan was justiﬁed.