The Supreme Court and the Role of Government What was the most significant result of the ruling in Marbury v. Madison? ● The ruling narrowed the powers of the federal government. ● The ruling determined that the Supreme Court should not hear Marbury's case. ● The ruling was made by Chief Justice John Marshall of the Supreme Court. ● The ruling determined that the Judiciary Act of 1789 was unconstitutional. Why did William Marbury support the Judiciary Act of 1789? ● It allowed Marbury to take his case to the Supreme Court. ● It overruled James Madison and confirmed Marbury's appointment. ● It said that James Madison's actions were unconstitutional. ● It limited the Constitution's power to affect Marbury's case. In McCulloch v. Maryland, what did the State of Maryland argue? ● Banks cannot be created by Congress. ● States can determine which institutions within its borders must pay taxes. ● A federal bank must pay taxes to the state in which it is located. ● Banks may only be created by Congress, not by individuals. Who was involved in the case of Gibbons v. Ogden? ● two competing owners of steamboat companies ● a steamboat owner and the federal government ● two steamboat owners who didn't want to pay federal taxes ● two steamboat owners who argued with federal law By ruling in James McCulloch's favor in McCulloch v. Maryland, the Supreme Court agreedthat ● Congress should not be involved in creating banks. ● McCulloch could continue to pay state, not federal, taxes. ● Congress had the power to create a federal bank. ● McCulloch could run a state bank under federal laws. [Congress shall have power] to regulate Commerce with foreign Nations, and among theseveral States. This excerpt reinforces the idea of ● federal supremacy. ● implied powers. ● balance of powers. ● judicial review.
James McCulloch most likely supported the idea that Congress could create banks because ● he knew that Maryland law did not allow for state-run banks. ● he believed the Court should follow the implied powers of the Constitution. ● he supported the idea of federal supremacy. ● he didn't want to pay state taxes on his bank. An implied power is one that ● is clearly outlined in the Constitution. ● gives the Supreme Court power to revise the Constitution. ● overrules the wording of the Constitution. ● is suggested by the Constitution. Before McCulloch v. Maryland went to court, the state of Maryland ● argued that James McCulloch must pay federal taxes. ● created the first federal bank in the state. ● said that only state banks were allowed within Maryland's borders. ● passed a law that required federal banks to pay state taxes. If two laws conflict with each other, the Court must decide on the operation of each. . . .[T]he Constitution . . . must govern the case to which they both apply. The excerpt describes ● the principle of judicial review. ● the balance of power between branches. ● the system of checks and balances. ● the limitations of the Supreme Court's power.