ROSHAAN AMEERDISCUSSIONPUBLIC SPEAKING "ﬁrst, state the point you are answering. Second, state the point you wishto make. Third, support your point with appropriate statistics, examples, ortestimony. Fourth, summarize your point." pg 233 This text in the textbook was selected because it gives a simple but usefullayout for speaking impromptu. It gives a clear layout on how to effectivelyrespond to a previous speaker, class discussion, or when saying "a fewwords". This is important to me because I have been put in these situationsbefore and just started rambling with no organization. I can apply this information next time I have to speak impromptu. It willmost deﬁnitely get my thoughts organized so that I won't confuse myaudience. With this organization of thoughts will come more conﬁdence. Iwon't have to keep thinking "are they confused yet?" As I have a history ofnot being able to clearly convey my thoughts. Imagine when I am put onthe spot! The section that you are referring to contains an algorithm consisting offour steps that can be used to address inquiries during a public speakingevent. The ﬁrst thing you should do is rephrase or paraphrase the question toensure that you have understood it correctly and that you are addressingthe main point that was intended. You will be able to prevent anymisunderstandings or misunderstanding with the audience if you do as Ihave suggested.
The second stage is to provide a brief summary of the main argument thatyou intend to defend in light of the question. This will assist you in stayingon course and preventing you from deviating from the subject at hand. The third stage is to provide backing for your argument by citing relevantevidence such as statistics, speciﬁc instances, or personal testimonies.Establishing your trustworthiness and bolstering your position are twogoals that can be accomplished through the presentation of evidence. The fourth and ﬁnal stage is to provide a concise summary of yourargument. This can assist in reinforcing your point while also making itsimpler for the audience to remember. You can also provide ﬁnality to yourresponse and indicate to the audience that you have addressed thequestion in its entirety if you summarise your argument at the end of yourresponse.