INFLUENCE OF MOVEMENT ON COGNITION Part 1: Movement's Impact on Cognition Ancient Wisdom Meets Modern Science The saying "Mens sana in corpore sano" (a healthy mind in a healthy body)reflects an age-old understanding. Recent meta-analyses suggest a connection between physical activity andcognitive benefits. The Short-Term Focus of Embodied Cognition Embodied cognition research delves into specific, short-term effects of exerciseon cognition. This perspective investigates how certain movements influence cognitiveprocesses and why. Part 2: The Role of Movements in Concept Activation Gait and Concept Activation Michalak et al. (2015) explored whether an upright or bent gait activates positiveor negative concepts. Previous studies linked a flexed gait to depression. Findings showed that certain movements can activate specific concepts, such asdepression. Neurophysiological Reenactment Neurophysiological reenactment is a possible mechanism for concept activation. Concepts consist of neuronal activation patterns, including associatedmovements. When certain movements are performed, they partially reactivate the entireconcept. Part 3: The Power of Posing Power Poses and Behavioral Effects High-power poses exude strength and self-confidence, while low-power posesconvey weakness.
Media and studies suggest that power poses influence behavior and hormones. The Mixed Evidence Studies show mixed results regarding the effects of power posing. High-power poses may lead to increased self-reported strength, lower cortisollevels, and increased testosterone. However, results vary, indicating that concept activation through movement ismodulated by various factors. Part 4: Temporal and Spatial Concepts in Sport Temporal and Spatial Concepts Temporal and spatial concepts play a crucial role in sports. Embodied cognition suggests that our ability to form these concepts stems fromour body's interactions with the world. Bridging the Gap: Abstract Concepts Abstract concepts like time, though not directly perceptible, are built uponconcrete concepts. Temporal relationships are often represented using spatial expressions. Language and culture influence the preference for different frames of reference. Part 5: Space-Time Asymmetry or Information Precision? The space-time relationship is influenced by the precision of informationrepresentation. Experiments indicate that when spatial information relies on touch, time has astronger effect on space than vice versa. This suggests that the space-time asymmetry depends on the mode ofrepresentation and information content.